Deep Vein Thrombosis (DVT) occurs from a blood clot that forms deep in your leg. While blood clots can occur at any time, some individuals are more likely to get DVT. The blood clot that forms deep in a vein in the lower leg or thigh is a deep vein thrombosis.
Symptoms of DVT include:
- Warmth in the affected area.
- Leg redness.
- No symptoms at all, until a more serious condition arises related to the DVT, such as a lung clot, called a pulmonary embolism.
If an individual has blood that clots rapidly or easily, they are more likely to get DVT. The only way to notice whether your blood clots more easily (thrombophilia) is if a blood clot occurs. Also, if a person sits for long stages of time, has recently broken a bone or had surgery, or has recently had a long trip where they had to stay seated, they are more apt to develop a blood clot.
Some conditions also make a person more likely to develop DVT, such as:
- Chronic heart disease.
- High Blood pressure.
- Recent treatment for cancer.
- Using oral contraceptives.
- Pregnant women.
- Hormone therapy pill users.
- Individuals over the age of 60.
Lessen your chance of a blood clot by exercising your lower legs, moving around frequently after surgery, being active, and taking any medications your doctor recommends.
After a physical examination and a review of symptoms, blood tests are performed to detect elevated levels of D-dimer, a clot-dissolving substance found in the blood which may indicate the presence of a clot. Image tests are also performed and may be one of the following:
- CT scan
- MRI scan
Our physicians at Virginia Heart & Vascular Institute can provide cosmetic and medical treatment via a customized service plan and prevention plan. For vein treatment in Fairfax, Virginia, call 703-560-1075 to contact Virginia Heart & Vascular Institute.
Treatment of DVT has a focus on preventing enlargement of the vein, preventing the development of another clot, and averting an embolism. An embolism occurs when a clot or piece of plaque breaks loose from its site of origin and travels somewhere else in the body, such as the lungs, heart or brain. An embolism is a life-threatening event which may result in many dangerous consequences, including a stroke or heart attack. There are two basic treatments for DVT: medication and compression.
- Blood thinners are medications which thin the blood and provide for easier blood flow. Both pill form and injection form is available.
- Compression stockings are elastic stockings that produce pressure on the veins and keep blood from pooling and clotting.
- Thrombolytics are a form of medicines used to break up the clot and are usually used for extreme cases since they present a risk of sudden bleeding.
- Thrombin Inhibitors interrupt the formation of clotting by stop the enzyme thrombin. They are become a popular treatment of choice.